R&D expenditure in EU countries in 2004 and as planned: Annex I to Presidency conclusions - Brussels European Council, 25-26 March

Brussels, 24 March 2006

Brussels European Council, 23-24 March 2006
Presidency conclusions

ANNEX I: R&D expenditure (2004) as % of GDP and targets set by Member States in National Reform Programmes

Member State 2004 (1) - Target for 2010 or other years (2) - Remarks

Austria 2,26 3,00
Belgium 1,93 3,00
Cyprus 0,37 1,0
Czech Republic 1,28 2,06 - target of 1% public R&D with estimated 1,06% of private expenditure
Denmark 2,61 3,00 - target of 1% public R&D in 2010
Estonia 0,91 1,90
Finland 3,51 4,00
France 2,16 3,00
Germany 2,49 3,00
Greece 0,58 1,50
Hungary 0,89 1,8 with an increased participation of the private sector
Ireland 1,20 2,50% of GNP - target for 2013
Italy 1,14 2,5
Latvia 0,42 1,50
Lithuania 0,76 2,00
Luxembourg 1,78 3,00
Malta 0,3 0,75
Netherlands 1,77 3,00
Poland 0,58 1,65 - target for 2008.
Portugal 0,78 1,80 - target of 1% public R&D and tripling of private R&D
Slovakia 0,53 1,80
Slovenia 1,61 3,00
Spain 1,07 2,00
Sweden 3,74 4,00 - target of 1% public R&D and unchanged private R&D
UK 1,79 2,50 - target for 2014

(1) Source: Eurostat. Most values are provisional. The values for IT, LU and PT refer to 2003.
(2) Source: National Reform Programmes, with European Commission estimates based on the targets provided by PT, SE.

EU Council
News release 7775/06 CONCL 1

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