Brussels, 28 May 2003
Notification according to Article 95(5) of the EC Treaty - Request for authorisation to introduce national provisions incompatible with a Community Harmonisation Measure (Notification No 2003/A/80) (OJ C126/4 28.5.2003). Full text [NB link expires 45 days from publication date]
By letter of 13 March 2003 the Republic of Austria notified to the Commission the regional provisions concerning the 'Upper Austrian Act on the prohibition of genetic engineering 2002' it deemed necessary to introduce by way of derogation from the provisions of the European Parliament and of the Council Directive 2001/18/EC on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms. The Commission received the Austrian notification on 13 March 2003.
Article 95(5) provides that 'if, after the adoption by the Council or by the Commission of a harmonisation measure, a Member State deems it necessary to introduce national provisions based on new scientific evidence relating to the protection of the environment or the working environment on grounds of a problem specific to that Member state arising after the adoption of the harmonisation measure, it shall notify the Commission of the envisaged provisions as well as the grounds for introducing them'.
According to Article 95(6), 'the Commission shall, within six months of the notification approve or reject the national provisions involved after having verified whether or not they are a means of arbitrary discrimination or a disguised restriction to trade between Member States and whether or not they shall constitute an obstacle to the functioning of the internal market'.
The draft Act is primarily concerned with the protection of nature and the environment, natural biodiversity and organic production. It seeks to ban the cultivation of GM seed (including GM seed with Community authorisation) although it accepts adventitious traces of GM seeds in conventional stocks to a level of 0,1%. It also seeks to ban the use of transgenic animals for breeding and in particular their release for hunting and fishing. Furthermore, it provides for compensatory mechanisms for monetary losses due to the presence of GMOs in conventional products. The Act is deemed to be a temporary measure, applicable for three years.
The Upper Austrian regional Government deems it necessary to introduce measures intended to protect organic and traditional agricultural production as well as plant and animal genetic resources from hybridisation with GMOs. These measures are based on account of alleged special circumstances in Upper Austria and on the fact that Upper Austria authorities consider that the issue of coexistence between GM and non-GM method of agricultural production is still largely unsettled. A study advocating a GMO ban for Upper Austria until all potential risks related to these types of organisms are clarified is joined to the notification.
The Commission reminds interested parties that possible observations on the Austrian notification will only be considered if received no later than one month after the publication of this Notice in the Official Journal of the European Union. Furthermore, the Commission reserves the right to communicate to the Republic of Austria any observations that may be submitted.
Further information regarding the notification can be obtained from:
Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Arbeit
Tel. (43-1) 711 00 58 96
Fax (43-1) 715 96 51 or (43-1) 712 06 80
Amt der Oberösterreichischen Landesregierung
Fax (43-1) 73 72 01 17 13
Contact point in the European Commission:
Directorate-General for Environment
Tel. (32-2) 296 54 44
Fax (32-2) 299 10 67
Official Journal of the EC, C126/4 28.5.2003