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Academic Ranking of World Universities 2013 released

Eastern institutions slow to make inroads into Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities table

Student in cap and gown crying

Source: Getty

Cause to celebrate? Asia has some way to go to establish itself as a power

Compare these rankings with the THE World University Rankings 2013-2014

The long-heralded shift of global academic power towards Asia appears to be happening at a glacial pace, if at all, according to this year’s Shanghai Jiao Tong university rankings.

Both the US and the UK have one fewer institution in the top 500 this year, but there was a better performance by some North American and European countries and little evidence of more Asian representation in the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2013.

There are now no Asian universities in the top 20 after the University of Tokyo was displaced by the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich at number 20.

China (which has 28 in the top 500), Taiwan (9), Hong Kong (5), Singapore (2), India (1) and Malaysia (1) all have the same number of universities in the table as last year.

South Korea (11) had one more institution than in 2012, but Japan (20) has one fewer.

Meanwhile, Canada (23), Germany (38) and Portugal (4) all grew their tally by one each.

There continues to be just a single country representative of Asia in the top 100 – Japan.

In the top 10, positions were largely unchanged, with Harvard University topping the table, the University of Cambridge coming fifth, and the University of Oxford 10th.

However, the University of California, Berkeley, rose from fourth to third, swapping places with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

The UK now has 37 universities in the top 500 after Swansea University dropped off the list. It has nine universities in the top 100, the same as last year, with University College London and Imperial College London remaining in 21st and 24th place respectively.

Lower down the table, some UK universities managed to improve their positions: the University of Bristol jumped six places to 64th; King’s College London moved up one to 67th; and the University of Nottingham rose three places to 83rd. The US has 149 universities in the top 500, and 52 in the top 100, one fewer than last year.

For the first time the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, founded in Saudi Arabia in 2009 with a $10 billion (£6.5 billion) endowment, has entered the table.

However, in the 401-500 sector of the list, it still has a long way to go to realise its ambition of being among the top 10 science and technology institutions by 2020.

The table is based on six, largely research-based, measures. It comes ahead of the launch of the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, which will be unveiled at the THE World Academic Summit on 3 October in Singapore.

david.matthews@tsleducation.com

View the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2013-2014

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Academic Ranking of World Universities 2013 top 100

World RankInstitutionCountry
1Harvard UniversityUnited States
2Stanford UniversityUnited States
3University of California, BerkeleyUnited States
4Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)United States
5University of CambridgeUnited Kingdom
6California Institute of TechnologyUnited States
7Princeton UniversityUnited States
8Columbia UniversityUnited States
9University of ChicagoUnited States
10University of OxfordUnited Kingdom
11Yale UniversityUnited States
12University of California, Los AngelesUnited States
13Cornell UniversityUnited States
14University of California, San DiegoUnited States
15University of PennsylvaniaUnited States
16University of WashingtonUnited States
17The Johns Hopkins UniversityUnited States
18University of California, San FranciscoUnited States
19University of Wisconsin - MadisonUnited States
20Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ZurichSwitzerland
21The University of TokyoJapan
21University College LondonUnited Kingdom
23University of Michigan - Ann ArborUnited States
24The Imperial College of Science, Technology and MedicineUnited Kingdom
25University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUnited States
26Kyoto UniversityJapan
27New York UniversityUnited States
28University of TorontoCanada
29University of Minnesota, Twin CitiesUnited States
30Northwestern UniversityUnited States
31Duke UniversityUnited States
32Washington University in St. LouisUnited States
33University of Colorado at BoulderUnited States
34Rockefeller UniversityUnited States
35University of California, Santa BarbaraUnited States
36The University of Texas at AustinUnited States
37Pierre and Marie Curie University - Paris 6France
38University of Maryland, College ParkUnited States
39University of Paris Sud (Paris 11)France
40University of British ColumbiaCanada
41The University of ManchesterUnited Kingdom
42University of CopenhagenDenmark
43University of North Carolina at Chapel HillUnited States
44Karolinska InstituteSweden
45University of California, IrvineUnited States
46The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at DallasUnited States
47University of California, DavisUnited States
47University of Southern CaliforniaUnited States
49Vanderbilt UniversityUnited States
50Technical University MunichGermany
51The University of EdinburghUnited Kingdom
52Carnegie Mellon UniversityUnited States
52Utrecht UniversityNetherlands
54Pennsylvania State University - University ParkUnited States
54University of HeidelbergGermany
54University of MelbourneAustralia
57Purdue University - West LafayetteUnited States
58McGill UniversityCanada
59The Hebrew University of JerusalemIsrael
60University of ZurichSwitzerland
61Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - New BrunswickUnited States
61University of MunichGermany
61University of PittsburghUnited States
64University of BristolUnited Kingdom
65The Ohio State University - ColumbusUnited States
66The Australian National UniversityAustralia
67Brown UniversityUnited States
67King’s College LondonUnited Kingdom
69University of GenevaSwitzerland
69University of OsloNorway
71Ecole Normale Superieure - ParisFrance
71University of FloridaUnited States
73Uppsala UniversitySweden
74Leiden UniversityNetherlands
75Boston UniversityUnited States
76University of HelsinkiFinland
77Technion-Israel Institute of TechnologyIsrael
78University of ArizonaUnited States
79Arizona State University - TempeUnited States
79Moscow State UniversityRussia
81Aarhus UniversityDenmark
82Stockholm UniversitySweden
83University of BaselSwitzerland
83University of NottinghamUnited Kingdom
85Ghent UniversityBelgium
85Indiana University BloomingtonUnited States
85Osaka UniversityJapan
85The University of QueenslandAustralia
85University of UtahUnited States
90University of RochesterUnited States
91The University of Western AustraliaAustralia
92McMaster UniversityCanada
92Michigan State UniversityUnited States
92Rice UniversityUnited States
92University of GroningenNetherlands
92Weizmann Institute of ScienceIsrael
97University of StrasbourgFrance
97University of SydneyAustralia
99Case Western Reserve UniversityUnited States
100University of FreiburgGermany


View the world’s top 400 universities in the THE World University Rankings 2012-2013

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Readers' comments (11)

  • Ratings in table and those reported in hyperlinked individual institutional reports don't match: e.g. University of Toronto #28 in table, #21 in world ranking. Are they reporting different rankings? Which is "correct"?

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  • Phil Baty

    Mark, this news report gives the results of the Shanghai rankings, which use six research-only performance indicators and were published today. The links go through to Times Higher Education's own World University Rankings, to provide a comparison. While there is no "correct" ranking, as they reflect the subjective decisions on indicators and weightings made by the rankings' publishers, the THE feels strongly that its use of 13 separate performance indicators, across the full range of a university's activities (teaching, research, knowledge tranfer and internationalisation) provide a more balanced and comprehensive picture. The 2013-14 THE World University Rankings will be published on 2 October 2013.

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  • Brunel University is now on one campus, not four as stated.

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  • You state: "There continues to be just a single country representative of Asia in the top 100 – Japan." Not correct. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (Jerusalem, Israel) is ranked 57th. The Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (Haifa, Israel) is ranked 77th. The Weizmann Institute of Science (Rehovot, Israel) is ranked 92nd. Barring a continental shift, all 3 remain in Asia. Accordingly, there are 2 country representatives of Asia in the top 100, with 75% of the Asian institutions in the top 100 being in Israel.

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  • *Amended - Japan has 3 universities, not 1, in the top 100. So, Japan and Israel are the 2 Asian representatives, each with 50% of the Asian institutions in the top 100.

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  • David Matthews

    Harry,

    Thanks. I'd freely admit that you may well be geographically correct. But in terms of higher education, particularly when we're talking about the rising economies of East Asia, I'm not sure that many people would classify Israeli universities as part of the Asian as opposed to European or North American world, as it were. But it's certainly open to debate.

    As for Japan having 3 universities in the top 100, read the story again. We don't say it only has one.

    David

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  • Harry Fenton, unless it is 1956 and "Orientalism" is a word that captures basically any region outside the United States and Continental Europe, Israel is not on the Asian continent. I bet you are one of those guys who still refers to Taiwan as Formosa, Thailand as Siam, and Southeast Asia in general as Indochina!

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  • The whole ranking system should be abolished until the whole world gets developed. Newer Universities can never beat the top hundred with the current ranking system. With this ranking these top ones sucking all merits in the world and the equal balance of merit distribution never happens.

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  • The most highly ranked UK universities seemingly are largely concerned with the liberal arts, pure/applied/engineering science, medicine subjects, and notably government research contracts and funding, and seemingly mainly draw students from the better schools.

    However many students, from State schools in particular, seek professional level careers in commerce and industry accessed through technical-type universities that provide degrees valuably accredited by the professional institutes, and also increasingly Higher Apprenticeships (degree level).

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  • Kalyan Banerjee

    “If a university is a repository for knowledge, then some of this knowledge should spill over to the neighboring community”, said Mohd Yunus. If this is desirable, should we try to measure the spill?


    Universities have the responsibility to serve society, and the specific nature of this service is defined by the context of the community it serves, and the challenges at that point in time. The goals of a university cannot remain static, else how can it create agile citizens for a dynamic environment?

    There is much agonizing in India on why IITs don’t feature anywhere in the global rankings. Yet they have served society more than most national institutions. Their mandate was to create outstanding engineers and they have famously succeeded in this objective. I have been taught by some very inspiring professors who could have devoted their lifetime to cutting edge research, instead they chose to inspire two generations of Indians to be nation builders – that’s why India has earned its place in the world map. Should this count when we rank?


    Just as we understand academic excellence is only one aspect of ranking individuals, we need to take a step further and recognize a university has multiple responsibilities, and rankings must reflect diverse parameters.


    So what should we expect of rankings of the future? Can we say universities must make a difference to the environment around it? How can we change our evaluation of universities to include the number of ethical, responsible, and inspired citizens it produces? Should the universities of the future include practitioners? With the influx of technology, and easy access to knowledge and e-education, should the traditional university structure be radically re-defined? Is the modern university prepared to serve the lifelong learning needs of the dynamic knowledge professional? Why should a university’s agenda be limited to under-grad, masters and doctoral students, and not impact growth and inspiration of citizens and society in an uncertain world? In a dynamically changing environment, how relevant is research, as the context may have changed by the time the research is completed? Shouldn’t agility, synthesis, ability to get insights, learnability, be as important as formal research; if yes, should these not be formally taught? Is it time to relook at the old world disciplines, and focus on the inter-disciplinary nature of modern problems? Should the education system align itself to address the needs and attributes of today’s teenager (high curiosity, fleeting attention, eagerness to be a CEO by 30)? What are the attributes of the future teacher? Are we preparing them for that future? What new social problems do we anticipate, and why shouldn’t the future University focus on that? If some of these are relevant questions, should these reflect in rankings?


    Many of my friends tell me, why should rankings matter? I agree educators must not chase rankings, and just focus on their purpose. Still, rankings do matter as they provide some common goals, common benchmarks, and milestones to see where we are in the journey. They also drive agenda. If more universities focus on social impact, on environmental responsibility, on respect for other cultures, on building peace and harmony, the world will surely be a better place – irrespective of who is on top of the rankings. Can Times take on this lofty objective?

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